“The International Conference is the supreme deliberative body for the Movement. At the International Conference, representatives of the components of the Movement meet with representatives of the States Party to the Geneva Conventions, the latter in exercise of their responsibilities under those Conventions and in support of the overall work of the Movement.”
“Together they examine and decide upon humanitarian matters of common interest and any other related matter” (Article 2 and 8 of the Statutes of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement).
The Conference is a unique event and in principle meets every four years. It brings together representatives of States Party to the Geneva Conventions (194 states) and a global RC RC Movement, which comprises representatives of autonomous national organisations - the recognised National Red Cross Red Crescent Societies (186 National Societies)- with their International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) with its specific mandate established in the Geneva Conventions.
The Conference provides a non-political forum for dialogue on humanitarian matters of common interest and is widely seen as perhaps the most important humanitarian forum in the world bringing States Parties into dialogue with the components of the Movement on equal grounds. Each of the members has one vote. The representatives of the States party to the Geneva Conventions, who attend the Conference, must respect the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (the Fundamental Principles)
The Conference takes its decisions in the form of resolutionsin order to ensures Red Cross Red Crescent unity of effort and respect for the Fundamental Principles. “The Conference shall endeavour to adopt its resolutions by consensus” (Article 11.7 Statutes of the RC RC Movement).
In addition to the resolutions, any members or observers of the Conference can make individual or collective pledges.