During the six years that followed the earthquake, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement have supported hundreds of thousands of families to rebuild their lives in the communities to make them more resilient.
In the six years since the tragic earthquake which resulted in the deaths of over 200,000 people and left more than 2 million homeless, the International Federation of Cross Societies and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) continues to support the people of Haiti through the Haitian Red Cross, despite the closure of the action plan of the international appeal to help the victims of the disaster in 2014.
Six years after the earthquake, the Haitian Red Cross is working closely with IFRC, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and other National Societies in the development and implementation of sustainable projects to build resilience in communities. Thus, with the support of the Red Cross Movement’s partners, the Red Cross has prioritized interventions in education, health, risk reduction and disaster reduction, such as:
- The reconstruction of St. Michel Hospital in Jacmel, making it a county hospital with 200 beds
- The construction of four health centres in the South East
- The rehabilitation and/or reconstruction of 17 school facilities in the West and the South East
- Donation of hospital equipment to the Ministry of Public Health (MSPP)
- Capacity building of the Haitian Red Cross at regional and local level
- Support to the blood bank and blood stations at a national level
- Support for reforestation, protection of watersheds and the establishment of community nurseries and produce gardens in Leogane.
- Support in micro-credit activities to local organizations such as Fonkoze
- Rehabilitation of drinking water supply systems
- Support in research for a cholera vaccine
In addition, the Haitian Red Cross continued their humanitarian work with vulnerable populations by ensuring that they are better prepared, and can better resist, future disasters. Some of the potential disasters facing the people of Haiti include the constant threat of cholera and the challenges in migration faced by thousands of people voluntarily repatriated and returned to the various border points of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Cholera is preventable and curable, but an effective response requires support from the public, governments and humanitarian organizations. The Haitian Red Cross has continued their cholera elimination campaign through the binational action plan that was launched a year ago, in partnership with the governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
To address the issue of population movement in the border area, the Haitian Red Cross and the Dominican Red Cross joined forces, in accordance with a bilateral agreement that has been in effect over the last 13 years and reviewed regularly to address migration issues. The action plan of the bilateral agreement has received the support from the Red Cross partners Movement in Haiti.
In order to improve the response to the effects of natural disasters, as well as facilitate humanitarian access to victims, the Haitian Red Cross and IFRC have completed two studies on Haitian disaster law. The report from the first study was presented to the Haitian state authorities in July 2015, proposing solutions to legal obstacles in the provision of emergency and transitional post-disaster shelters. The other study, whose report will be published in 2016, will identify gaps and other institutional issues, and propose solutions in the field of Haitian law in risk reduction and disaster response.