IFRC

Legislation for disaster risk reduction

Legislation for Disaster Risk Reduction

Laws and regulations serve as a foundation for building community resilience. They are essential to reducing existing risks posed by natural hazards, preventing new risks from arising and making people safer. In 2005, the Hyogo Framework for Action highlighted the importance of good legislation to support disaster risk reduction (DRR). The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, adopted in March 2015, calls for a renewed focus on reviewing and strengthening legal frameworks. 

In light of this international guidance, many countries have sought to strengthen their laws and regulations for DRR and have been asking:  what should good legislation say about DRR? 

Since 2012, The IFRC and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have been working on a joint project to research, compare and consult on the efforts of various countries to strengthen how their laws support the reduction of disaster risks, particularly at the community level.  In June 2014, they launched a major new study examining 31 countries and in December 2015, they launched a new tool, The Checklist on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction and its accompanying guide, The Handbook on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction, to provide practical guidance on this area of law. 

 

   The Checklist on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction provides a prioritized and succint list of ten key questions that lawmakers, implementing officials, and those supporting them need to consider in order to ensure that their laws provide the best support for disaster risk reduction. It is designed to serve as an assessment tool to guide a review process of national and local level laws and regulations that can enhance disaster risk reduction.

 

 

  The Handbook on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction was developed to provide guidance on how to use the Checklist on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction and conduct related legislative reviews and reform processes. While the methodology for using the Checklist needs to be tailored to each country's context and respective needs, the Handbook is intended to provide general guidance on key steps to consider.

 

 

 

 

The IFRC and UNDP collaborated in producing this multi-country report assessing the legal frameworks for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in 31 countries. The purpose of this report is to support legislators, public administrators, and DRR and development practitioners and advocates to prepare and implement effective legal frameworks for disaster risk management (DRM) that are adapted to their own country's needs, drawing on examples and experiences from other countries.

 




The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 190 member National Societies. As part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, our work is guided by seven fundamental principles; humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality. About this site & copyright