IFRC

Better programming initiative

The better Programming Initiative (BPI) is an impact assessment tool developed by the International Federation and adapted from the Local Capacities for Peace Project (LCPP). The BPI was born of the conviction that in communities affected by violence, well-planned humanitarian aid can support local capacities for recovery and reconciliation. The BPI methodology applies five analytical steps:

  • Context analysis: Identify and prioritize the division (dividers) and cohesion (connectors) that characterize the context.
  • Aid programme description: Describe planned actions in detail: why, where, what, when, with whom, by whom and, most importantly, how is aid being offered?
  • Impact identification: Consider whether aid will reinforce or weaken dividers and connectors. Aid will make impacts through both its material consequences (e.g. how its distribution affects existing inequalities and divisions in society) and its symbolic consequences (e.g. who it legitimizes or delegitimizes).
  • Options: For each impact identified in the step above, brainstorm programming options that will decrease negative and reinforce positive impacts.
  • Repeat the analysis: Contexts change rapidly, as do constraints and opportunities for aid programming. Analysis should be updated as frequently as the project cycle permits.


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The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 190 member National Societies. As part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, our work is guided by seven fundamental principles; humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality. About this site & copyright