In 2001, disaster preparedness delegates from the IFRC and staff from different National Societies defined the characteristics of a well-prepared National Society. Their aim was to prepare a simple tool for disaster preparedness planning.
Based on this definition, Well-prepared National Societies (WPNS) is a self-assessment tool that helps National Societies recognize, prioritize and plan activities to improve their capacity for disaster management.
WPNS is a shared project between the IFRC and the International Committee of the Red Cross to better coordinate the preparedness support provided to National Societies when dealing with both natural disasters and conflict situations.
WPNS can be used to prioritize activities and to develop indicators to monitor progress. The exercise is a precursor to more comprehensive tools, such as vulnerability and capacity assessment, used for community preparedness and risk reduction activities, and the mapping of hazards, risks and capacities at National Society level.
WPNS aims to:
- help National Societies assess their preparedness, identify strengths and weaknesses and prioritize actions
- provide a baseline and indicators by which global and/or regional
- identify key areas where disaster preparedness support is required at global, regional and national levels for inclusion in annual and emergency appeals
- provide input to negotiations with partner National Societies and other donors or potential partners
- identify National Societies and regions that have specific expertise and resources that can be shared with others
- identify short-, medium- and long-term trends in disaster preparedness
- enable National Societies to assess their status against global and/or regional trends
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