National Societies have been always present in urban areas, but their capacity and action has been more effective in rural areas rather than in complex urban contexts.
As a major step in addressing this challenge, the World Disasters Report 2010, which focused on urban risk, echoed the global concerns over urban disaster risks. A number of major initiatives on urban disaster risk reduction and management are now underway and the IFRC and the Iranian Red Crescent Society are working in partnership to address a range of issues at global level.
Five city-level pilot studies are soon to be carried out in five selected cities in different regions. The pilot studies will be involve a multi-stakeholder, multi-hazard, community and people-centred approach. The five pilot cities are:
- Africa: Nairobi, Kenya
- Americas: Tegucigalpa, Honduras
- Asia Pacific: Jakarta, Indonesia
- Europe: Yerevan, Armenia
- Middle East and North Africa: Tehran, Iran
Key facts and figures
- The global population in 2012 was over 7 billion.
- In 2010, the urban population outnumbered the rural population.
- Global urban population is 53% versus global rural population at 47%.
- The urban population projection for 2050 is 70%.
- The global population living in slums and informal settlements is 1.5 billion.
- 3.1 million people are estimated to die annually from urban air pollution.
- 1.3 million people are estimated to die annually from road traffic accidents.