A child looks through the corrugated iron fence of her home in a shanty town on the edge of Barrio Chico Pelon in Nicaragua. Photo: Nigel Dickinson, IFRC
National Societies have been always present in urban areas, but their capacity and action has been more effective in rural areas rather than in complex urban contexts.
As a major step in addressing this challenge, the World Disasters Report 2010, which focused on urban risk, echoed the global concerns over urban disaster risks. A number of major initiatives on urban disaster risk reduction and management are now underway and the IFRC and the Iranian Red Crescent Society are working in partnership to address a range of issues at global level.
Five city-level pilot studies are soon to be carried out in five selected cities in different regions. The pilot studies will be involve a multi-stakeholder, multi-hazard, community and people-centred approach. The five pilot cities are:
- Africa: Nairobi, Kenya
- Americas: Tegucigalpa, Honduras
- Asia Pacific: Jakarta, Indonesia
- Europe: Yerevan, Armenia
- Middle East and North Africa: Tehran, Iran
Key facts and figures
- The global population in 2012 was over 7 billion.
- In 2010, the urban population outnumbered the rural population.
- Global urban population is 53% versus global rural population at 47%.
- The urban population projection for 2050 is 70%.
- The global population living in slums and informal settlements is 1.5 billion.
- 3.1 million people are estimated to die annually from urban air pollution.
- 1.3 million people are estimated to die annually from road traffic accidents.