An Emergency Response Unit (ERU) is a team of trained technical specialists, ready to be deployed at short notice, which uses pre-packed sets of standardized equipment. ERUs are designed to be self-sufficient for one month and can operate for up to four months. The ERUs are vital in the IFRC's disaster response tools system.
ERUs were created in 1994 to give immediate support to National Societies in disaster-affected countries. They provide specific support or direct services when local facilities are either destroyed, overwhelmed by need, or do not exist. ERUs work with Field Assessment Coordination Teams (FACT).
The need for assistance may continue beyond an ERU’s four-month operational period. If so, the service can be managed by the IFRC’s ongoing operation, the host National Society, the local government or other organisations.