Tuberculosis facts at a glance - IFRC


Tuberculosis facts at a glance

  • More people are dying of TB now than ever before
  • Around 5,000 people die from tuberculosis (TB) every day although it is curable
  • If TB is left unchecked in the next 20 years, almost one billion people will become newly infected, 200 million will develop the disease, and 35 million will die of it
  • After HIV, TB is the greatest infectious killer of young people and adults in the world today
  • TB causes at least 11 per cent of the total number of deaths in people living with HIV
  • 750,000 people living with HIV develop TB each year
  • TB can be successfully treated even if someone is HIV-positive
  • 14 million adults are infected with both TB and HIV – 70 per cent of whom live in Africa
  • In some regions of Africa, up to 80 per cent of adult TB patients are HIV-infected
  • In eastern and southern Africa, where combined TB and HIV prevalence rates peak globally, less than half of TB patients access effective TB services
  • In Africa the number of TB cases rose dramatically by 5 per cent from 2003-2004
  • In some African countries late diagnosis of TB and untreated HIV result in one-third of HIV-positive patients dying within weeks of being treated for TB
  • Out of 9 million new TB cases worldwide each year, 4.5 million are in six Asian countries – Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and the Philippines

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