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Japan Diary 5: Taking special care of the sick and elderly

Publié: 17 août 2011 16:27 CET

By Francis Markus in Rikuzentakata

Out of the corner of my eye, almost as if in slow motion, I see an elderly woman falling off her chair. She’s right over the other side of the room, so I’m powerless to intervene. But I needn’t worry, because several Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) nurses rush forward to catch her.

This elderly survivors’ dormitory is in one of the classrooms at Rikuzentaka Junior High School.

I can see the kids’ academic performance tables are still on the walls – except they stop after March, when the earthquake and Tsunami struck at the heart of this part of northeastern Honshu island.

Elderly most vulnerable

The elderly people who have replaced the children – at least for the moment – are the most vulnerable among the population in this part of Japan, and in these evacuation centres.

At least some of them are making steady progress in overcoming the impact which the disaster had on their fragile health.

79-year-old Hitoshi Kanno is still in a wheelchair. But nursing staff say that even that is an improvement on his immediate situation following the Tsunami, when he was bedridden. He was able to walk around with reasonable mobility before the disaster struck.

It’s not quite clear what happened next. But he completely lost his mobility and is only slowly being helped back on his feet again.

I can see this situation, with rows of beds in the middle of a class room, isn’t exactly easy for elderly people who have been accustomed to living in their own homes.

The JRCS nurses are concerned about one woman, in her eighties, whose bed is just by the far window. “She’s a little dehydrated, as she doesn’t want to drink too much because then she would have to be helped to the toilet during the night,” one of the nurses says.

No easy situation

Finding themselves in this situation isn’t easy for anyone, especially for the old people. Mitsuko Numakura, who’s over 80, had only recently come from another part of Japan and bought a house here in what was a tranquil area with her daughter. “We didn’t buy insurance against tsunami, only fire coverage,” explains her daughter, who is herself 62.

Fortunately they have a cash grant from funds donated through JRCS and distributed by a municipal office  to help them cope with their immediate needs. But the future is still a bit of an unknown quantity.

Inevitably, many of the elderly people will have to move to special care homes in order to be looked after properly. And with this in mind, JRCS plans to use some of the funds donated from abroad to provide special beds for the homes to make them as comfortable as possible.

But while they are still in this makeshift evacuation centre, the elderly survivors and others who are sheltering for the moment in the school’s gymnasium, are in the care of local nurses and a team of JRCS doctors have had a two-day long journey down from the northern island of Hokkaido.

The impact of shock on health

They tell us that the psychological impact of the disaster has clearly had an effect on people’s health. “People’s chronic health problems, such as hypertension or diabetes, have been aggravated by the psychological shock of what they have been through,” says Issei Yuki, a young doctor working at the school.

As a post-script, I hear that the medical assistance role at this evacuation centre has now been handed over to local clinics, with the Mayor of Rikuzentakata, Futoshi Toba, saying: “We are thankful to the Japanese Red Cross Scoeity who was the first team to come and supported us for a long period. This handover is one of the signs of recovery.”


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La Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge constitue, avec ses 190 Sociétés nationales membres, le plus vaste réseau humanitaire du monde. En tant que membres du Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, nous sommes guidés dans notre travail par sept Principes fondamentaux: humanité, impartialité, neutralité, indépendance, volontariat, unité et universalité.