IFRC

World Disasters Report 2001- Focus on recovery

..."this worthwhile and exciting report breathes fresh air through the whole debate..."
David Boyle,
author of The tyranny of numbers

'...a very valuable resource for the international community...''
Alcira Kreimer, manager,
disaster management facility,
World Bank


The report by chapters


Chapter 1 - Relief, recovery and root causes
Recent massive floods, windstorms and earthquakes from Latin America to south Asia have set back development in hardest-hit areas by a decade – leaving thousands of communities more exposed than ever to disasters now recurring every few years.

Chapter 2 - The ecology of disaster recovery
The planet's poorest are becoming more exposed to the risk of disaster – aggravated by climate change and globalization. Each year, 211 million people are affected by 'natural' disasters, setting back development by decades. Two-thirds of victims are from countries of low human development. If these trends continue, international development targets of 2015 will not be met.


Chapter 3 - Somalia: programming for sustainable health care
In the current operating environment of weak or failed states, chronic emergencies and media-led donor support, community participation is the key to restoring and sustaining social services. Local communities bear a major responsibility for rebuilding their own services and therefore should own the process of rehabilitation.

Chapter 4 - Trapped in the gap – post-landslide Venezuela
From 15-16 December 1999, two years of rain inundated Venezuela's mountainous coastline in two days. Walls of mud and boulders 20 metres high swept whole neighbourhoods into the sea. In Vargas state, landslides wiped out 5,500 homes, damaged another 25,000, and wrecked infrastructure.


Chapter 5 - Post-flood recovery in Viet Nam 
Tropical storms dumped over two years of rain on Viet Nam's central provinces during November-December 1999. All rivers burst their banks, some rising a metre an hour. The worst floods for a century wiped out ten years of development.


Chapter 6 - Food crisis in Tajikistan – an unnatural disaster?
In 2000, Tajikistan experienced its worst drought in 74 years. Cereal production fell 47 per cent, and a million people faced hunger. For eight years international food aid has been provided. But relief is not enough. Root causes must be addressed.

Chapter 7 - Habit of the heart: volunteering in disasters
"Too much help made a mess here," explained one spontaneous helper who drove to Golcuk, Turkey, following 1999's massive earthquake which killed 17,000 people. Hoping to bring relief, thousands of 'volunteers' created a 20-mile traffic jam obstructing rescue vehicles and equipment.

Chapter 8 - Disaster data: key trends and statistics
More disasters – natural and non-natural – were reported for 2000 than in any year over the last decade. Fortunately these disasters proved less deadly than in previous years: around 20,000 people lost their lives worldwide, compared to the decade's average of 75,250 deaths per year.




La Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge constitue, avec ses 190 Sociétés nationales membres, le plus vaste réseau humanitaire du monde. En tant que membres du Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, nous sommes guidés dans notre travail par sept Principes fondamentaux: humanité, impartialité, neutralité, indépendance, volontariat, unité et universalité.