Japan Diary 1: Helping survivors make themselves at home

Publié: 7 juillet 2011 17:01 CET

Francis Markus in Rikuzentakata

Sometimes a couple of tomato and cucumber plants in a pot are just what they seem, but sometimes they can be a symbol of a whole lot more. In the case of Yuki Kumagai and his wife Teruko, whose house was destroyed in the fearsome tsunami of March 11, they are just a little bit of home.

“We had all our important documents stored in a safe place, so we were able to keep hold of them,” says Mr. Kumagai, 74. But that was just about all they were able to salvage, he revealed as we talked on the porch of the couple’s prefabricated temporary home on the grounds of Junior High school.

Tsunami veterans

It wasn’t his first experience of a tsunami. “About 35 years ago, when there was a big earthquake in Chile, we had a tsunami here,” said the semi-retired administrator of a care home for elderly people.

But this was far and away the most catastrophic that people have witnessed. From the vantage point of the old people’s home, he watched his house being swept away. Luckily, he and his wife were able to drive to safer ground.

Not everyone was so lucky. Among the few recognizable objects in the mass of debris that still remains – although it is slowly being processed by mechanical diggers pecking at it like giant vultures – are the cars that have been crushed and mangled by the force of the tsunami as if by a garbage compactor.

“Only the lucky first 30 per cent of the cars made it to safety,” said one survivor in the town of Otsuchi, further down the devastated coastline. The others were caught in a traffic jam, which spelled almost certain doom.

Yet we can see that amid all the destruction, Mr. and Mrs. Kumagai, are slowly getting their lives back together again. Like tens of thousands of other families recently moved into temporary prefabricated housing, they’ve been given a package of six electrical appliances (television set, refrigerator, washing machine, rice cooker, microwave oven, and hot water dispenser) by the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS). 8,000 of these households are being helped through funding from European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection (ECHO), the humanitarian arm of the EU.

Extremely grateful

“We’re extremely grateful for this help, because it would have been hard for us to find the money to buy these things ourselves,” Mr Kumagai said.

While the household appliances have been financed by donations received through foreign Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the Kumagais have also received a cash grant, distributed through the local government, but made up of money donated directly to the Japanese Red Cross. “A lot of that money has been vital for food and basic necessities,” said Mrs Kumagai.

The couple has been told they’ll have to spend at least two years in this temporary home before they can expect to move into permanent housing.

When you consider the enormous task of clearing the debris, finding safe land to build on, and resurrecting the infrastructure in this remote but developed region, a simple move seems like a tall order in itself.
The Kumagais will get some consolation from their tomato and cucumber plants. “We’ll eat the cucumber with miso paste,” said Teruko Kumagai. But the practical support from the JRCS and the local government will also play a vital role too.

Share this