International disaster response laws, rules and principles (IDRL)

International disaster response operations are increasingly complex.  The number and variety of foreign responders are on the rise as are the kinds of help they are willing to provide.  

An international regulatory framework already exists to help states manage international aid, but it is still quite dispersed, internally contradictory and under-utilized.  Moreover, few states have comprehensive rules and regulations in their domestic laws for facilitating and overseeing outside assistance.  The IFRC and National Societies have developed a number of tools to assist states in addressing these gaps.

 IDRL tools

IDRL Guidelines
Unanimously adopted by the state parties to the Geneva Conventions, these Guidelines can assist states to effectively facilitate and regulate disaster aid.

Model Act on IDRL
This model legislation is designed to assist states interested in incorporating the recommendations of the IDRL Guidelines into their own law. 

IDRL Model Decree

Model Emergency Decree for the Facilitation and Regulation for International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance
This model decree is intended as a reference tool for voluntary use by states faced with a major disaster and the possibility of a large influx of aid providers.

IDRL Model Decree

Commentary to the Model Decree for the Facilitation and Regulation of International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance
This Commentary is intended to provide background information on the various provisions of the Model Emergency Decree. It is  an explanatory document and is not intended as an integral part of the Model Emergency Decree, but rather to complement it.

Law and legal issues in international disaster response:  a desk study
This desk study compiles the results of five years of research, survey and consultations about the regulatory environment for international response.

Disaster law database
This database compiles international, regional and domestic legal instruments relevant to disaster management as well as legal articles and reports.

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