Code de conduite pour le Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge et les ONG lors des opérations de secours en cas de catastrophe
Le Code de conduite vise à protéger nos normes de comportement afin que nous puissions maintenir les plus hauts standards d'indépendance, d'efficacité et d'impact. Il a été élaboré conjointement par la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (FICR) et le Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR).
Qu'est-ce que le code de conduite ?
Le Code de conduite pour le Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (le Mouvement) et les organisations non gouvernementales (ONG) lors des opérations de secours en cas de catastrophe est un code volontaire conçu pour aider les signataires à mener une action humanitaire efficace et fondée sur des principes.
It sets out ten core principles as well as three annexes with recommendations to governments of affected states, donor governments and intergovernmental organizations. Over the years, adherence to the Code has become one important way for the Red Cross and Red Crescent and NGOs to define themselves as humanitarians.
Since the development of the Code, there have been many developments in terms of standards and mechanisms to improve the quality and accountability of humanitarian response. However, the Code remains a central reference in the sector.
- The humanitarian imperative comes first
- Aid is given regardless of the race, creed or nationality of the recipients and without adverse distinction of any kind
- Aid priorities are calculated on the basis of need alone
- Aid will not be used to further a particular political or religious standpoint. We shall endeavour not to act as instruments of government foreign policy
- We shall respect culture and custom
- We shall attempt to build disaster response on local capacities
- Ways shall be found to involve programme beneficiaries in the management of relief aid
- Relief aid must strive to reduce future vulnerabilities to disaster as well as meeting basic needs
- We hold ourselves accountable to both those we seek to assist and to those from whom we accept resources
- In our information, publicity and advertising activities, we shall recognize disaster victims as dignified human beings, not hopeless objects
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Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent ...
This Code of Conduct seeks to guard our standards of behaviour. It is not about operational details, such as how one should calculate food rations or set up a refugee camp. Rather, it seeks to maintain the high standards of independence, effectiveness and impact to which disaster response NGOs and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement aspires.
How did it come about?
In 1991, the Council of Delegates of our Movement called on the IFRC “to set up a group of experts to study the possibility of elaborating a Code of Conduct relative to humanitarian aid in situations of natural and technological disasters.”
The IFRC then collaborated with the Steering Committee for Humanitarian Response (SCHR), a network of major international non-governmental organizations and the International Committee of the Red Cross, to develop the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief in 1994.
The Code was “welcomed” by a resolution of the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (which includes all state parties to the Geneva Conventions as well as the components of the Movement) the following year.
The IFRC keeps a public listing of all the humanitarian organizations that become signatories of the Code. New signatories are welcome to register at any time.
The IFRC neither vets new signatories nor monitors their compliance. However, in order to be listed on this site as a signatory, each organization must:
- Affirm that it is a humanitarian organization
- Provide and update all requested contact details, including its website
- Submit its request through the head of the organization