الحد من مخاطر الكوارث الذكية مناخيا

يُعدّ الإتحاد الدولي لجمعيات الصليب الأحمر والهلال الأحمر أحد أكبر الجهات الفاعلة في مجال الحد من مخاطر الكوارث المجتمعية في العالم. نساعد جنبًا إلى جنب مع جمعياتنا الوطنية الـ 192، المجتمعات في جميع أنحاء العالم على تقليل مخاطر هذه الكوارث وحماية أنفسهم والإستعداد لحالات الطوارئ.

لا وجود لما يسمى كارثة طبيعية. الصدمات والمخاطر لا تؤدي حتماً إلى كارثة. ومع ذلك، يُقتل في كل عام 67000 شخص، ويدُفع نحو 26 مليونًا إلى الفقر، ويتأثر نحو 200 مليون شخص بالأخطار الطبيعية في جميع أنحاء العالم.

إنّ أفقر الناس وأكثرهم عرّضة للمخاطر والكوارث في العالم هم الذين يعانون أكثر من غيرهم. ويتأثر كبار السن والنساء والفتيات والأشخاص ذوو الإعاقة بهذا الأمر بشكل غير متناسب.

ينقذ الحدّ من مخاطر الكوارث الذكية مناخيًا الأرواح عن طريق الحد من حجم المخاطر التي يواجهها الأشخاص ومستوى الضرر الذي قد تسببه الأزمة. ويمكن أن يساعد ذلك المجتمعات على الإستعداد والتعامل مع الأخطار الطبيعية بشكل فعّال.

إنّ هذا النهج حيوي مع تزايد عدد الكوارث كل عام. إذ أنّ تغيّر المناخ والنمو السكاني والتنمية الحضرية في المواقع المعرّضة للمخاطر والتغيرات في استخدام الأراضي كُلّها عوامل تزيد من المخاطر.

Our climate action

A man works his maize field in a village in southern Ethiopia, where some farmers have begun to protect themselves against weather extremes through 'index insurance' that pays out benefits based on predictions such as rainfall levels

A man works his maize field in a village in southern Ethiopia, where some farmers have begun to protect themselves against weather extremes through 'index insurance' that pays out benefits based on predictions such as rainfall levels

Photo: IFRC/Jose Cendon

The IFRC and our network of 192 National Societies and 14 million volunteers work closely with communities exposed to climate-related hazards every day.

We’re making our work climate-smart, advocating for greater climate change adaptation and significantly increasing our disaster risk reduction efforts worldwide. We are increasingly considering climate risks in all we do, anticipating extreme weather events ahead of their impact and pursuing nature-based solutions.

We are also reducing our own environmental footprint and greening our operations.

Find out more about our commitments to step up our response to climate and environmental crises in the Climate and Environment Charter for humanitarian organizations.

Explore our work

The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society distributes cyclone preparedness equipment to trained community volunteers as part of its cyclone preparedness programme in Cox's Bazar

Early warning, early action

We take many different steps—from forecast-based financing to setting up community early warning systems—to protect people before a disaster strikes.

Mo mo from Myanmar is now living in Cox's Bazar refugee camp, Bangladesh where she volunteers with the Bangladesh Red Crescent as part of their cyclone preparedness programme

Community knowledge and awareness raising

We help communities around the world understand the risks they face and how they can protect themselves.

Red Cross volunteers distribute relief supplies in the northern part of Tanna island, Greenhill village, Vanuatu following Cyclone Pam in March 2015

Improving disaster laws

We support governments to introduce laws and policies that reduce existing risks posed by natural hazards, prevent new risks from arising and make people safer.

Nepal Red Cross and Danish Red Cross volunteers team up to lead a vulnerability and capacity assessment with a village community in Kavre district, Nepal

Risk assessment and planning

We work hand-in-hand with communities to help them identify, understand and address risks to their lives and livelihoods.

Following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, community-based action teams along the western coast of Aceh province, Indonesia plant thousands of mangrove trees as a protective barrier against the sea

Nature-based solutions

We implement nature-based solutions, such as protecting and restoring forests, to protect communities against disasters and the impacts of climate change.

Key reports

07/05/2021

pdf (38.19 MB)

2020 World disasters report

07/05/2021 | pdf (38.19 MB)

إقرا المزيد

05/12/2019

pdf (2.8 MB)

The Cost of Doing Nothing

05/12/2019 | pdf (2.8 MB)

إقرا المزيد