Emblems and logo

Learn about the different logos and emblems used by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement around the world.

The Movement has three globally recognized emblems—the Red Cross, the Red Crescent and the Red Crystal. They are symbols of assistance in times of conflict and disaster.

Our emblems have worldwide recognition in national and international law under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols. These are the international treaties containing the most important rules limiting the barbarity of war.

The Red Cross and Red Crescent emblems date back to the 1800s. Though neither emblem has any religious association, we created the Red Crystal emblem in 2005 for states wishing to avoid any perceptions of religious significance.

The Movement works together to protect these emblems against misuse and abuse. It is essential they stand unchallenged as symbols of neutral and independent assistance at all times, guaranteeing protection in times of conflict and disaster.

Governments have also accepted an obligation to prevent their misuse and abuse, which in many countries can lead to prosecution.

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The Red Cross emblem

Red Cross

Adopted under the original Geneva Convention of 1864. Its design is an inversion of the Swiss flag, recognising the historic connection between Switzerland and the original Geneva Convention.

The Red Crescent emblem

Red Crescent

Created during the late 1800s to avoid perceived religious connotations of the Red Cross emblem in certain countries. It was formally recognized in the updated Geneva Convention of 1929.

The Red Crystal emblem

Red Crystal

Established in 2005 to increase protection in situations where the existing emblems may not be respected as neutral.

The Movement logo

The logo of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

The logo of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

Photo: International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

The Movement logo consists of the Red Cross and Red Crescent emblems side by side. You may see it in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.

It represents all three parts of the Movement as one: the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and our 192 National Societies.

The Movement logo is used for representation, communication, promotion and fundraising purposes. It is not used for operational activities and its display requires special approval.