Risk assessment and planning

To help effectively prepare and protect communities from hazards, we work with them to understand the risks they face and their ability to take action to reduce disaster risk.

For many years, Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies have worked hand-in-hand with communities around the world to identify, understand and address risks to their lives and livelihoods.

    Enhanced Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (EVCA)

    Through our Enhanced Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (EVCA) approach, we support communities to understand:

    • Where risks come from
    • Which members of the community will be worst affected
    • What resources are available to reduce these risks
    • What actions they can take to prepare and reduce the risks they face

    EVCA resources

    Red Cross volunteers in Timor-Leste conduct a risk assessment exercise with members of a community in Lebidohe

    Guidance and Toolbox

    Discover step-by-step guidance on how your National Society can conduct participatory community risk assessments using our Enhanced Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment approach.

    A Palestine Red Crescent Society volunteer conducts a rapid needs assessment with a member of the public following bad storms

    Read and submit your own assessments

    We’ve developed a dedicated website for National Societies and partners to share Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment reports. Browse, learn and share.

    Road map to community resilience

    A fisherman on Isla Gigantes Norte in the Philippines smiles as he holds his fishing net

    A fisherman on Isla Gigantes Norte in the Philippines smiles as he holds his fishing net

    Photo: Valérie Batselaere

    Building community resilience is all about empowering communities to shape their lives and create a safe, healthy and prosperous future. It is a participatory process led by communities themselves—not something that can, or should, be imposed upon them.

    Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies have been supporting community resilience for many decades, helping them to become safer and stronger.

    Our Road Map for Community Resilience provides step-by-step guidance on how National Societies can best coordinate and adapt their work to engage with communities and help them develop resilience-building action plans.

    Read the road map

    08/03/2018

    pdf (4.8 MB)

    Road map to community resilience

    08/03/2018 | pdf (4.8 MB)

    Read more

    08/03/2018

    pdf (1.41 MB)

    IFRC Framework for Community Resilience

    08/03/2018 | pdf (1.41 MB)

    Read more

    Watch: Road map to community resilience

    Flood resilience

    The IFRC is part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance (ZFRA), an international partnership across different sectors which helps communities take practical steps to build their flood resilience. Its long-term vision is that floods will have no negative impact on the ability of people and businesses to thrive.

    Find out more about the Alliance in this brochure. And discover practical flood resilience tools produced by the Alliance below.

    Delegates from IFRC, ECHO, UNDP, St. Vincent & The Grenadines Red Cross, and French Red Cross visit a riverside community as a part of a risk reduction field visit.

    Flood Resilience Measurement for Communities

    A web-based tool consisting of 44 indicators to measure how resilient communities are before and after floods. The tool also contains guidance on how to help communities be better prepared.

    The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society distributes hygiene and food parcels to communities affected by flooding in 2020.

    Post-Event Review Capability

    An award-winning methodology for reviewing large-scale flood events. It helps people understand the successes and failures in the management of disaster risk before the event, and identifies opportunities for improvement.